The highest ever measured thunderstorms

highest thunderstorms

How high into the sky can thunderstorms develop – what are the highest even measured thunderstorms? The strongest updrafts reach the tropopause and produce overshooting tops. The highest storms in the world have been recorded in the tropics, where the tropopause is the highest (15-18 km). Thunderstorms reaching 20-22 km high have been recorded there. … Read more

Back-sheared anvil – updraft strength vs. wind shear

back-sheared anvil

A back-sheared anvil is the expression for a cumulonimbus anvil that spreads against (upwind) into relatively strong winds (jet stream) aloft. Anvil vs. wind As the anvil is forming, it is under the influence of upper-level winds. Typically as you go higher in the troposphere, winds increase. Under stable conditions with high pressure, winds in … Read more

Thunderstorms

typical thunderstorm

In this section, we are going to take a general look at thunderstorms. What is a typical thunderstorm? We will take a thunderstorm apart into its basic components and how they make the thunderstorm work. Typical thunderstorm – Cumulonimbus capillatus incus   The most distinctive and typical cloud shape associated with thunderstorms is Cumulonimbus capillatus … Read more